PENGARUH APLIKASI BIOCOCOTIN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN SAWI PADA TANAH PASIR PESISIR PANTAI



DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jsolum.17.1.12-20.2020

Anandyawati Anandyawati *  (Prodi Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu)
Merlian Zikri (Dinas Pertanian dan Perikanan Kabupaten Lebong, Bengkulu)
Eko Sumartono (Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Dehasen)
Ridha Rizki Novanda (Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Dehasen)
Amir Husaini Karim Amrullah (Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu)
Ari Anggoro (Prodi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu)

(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The great potential in coastal sandy lands is followed by various problems and limiting factors that cause the acceleration of land use for agricultural purpose run very slowly. To overcome these limiting factors, appropriate modification and implementation of innovation is needed, namely the providing of soil conditioning materials, such as organic matter. One source of organic material that is still very rarely used, affordable, easy and cheap and simple in its application is the waste of coconut powder and human waste which we call biococotin. Providing of biococotin in coastal sandy lands decreases basic pH near neutral, increasing levels of N, P, K, C-Organic and cation exchange capacity has decreased from 7.20 to 6.40%. N levels increased from 0.021% to 0.17%, P-available increased from 2.52 ppm to 20.13 ppm, K levels increased from 2.52 cmol (+) to 9.35 cmol (+) and CEC increased from 4, 04 cmol (+) / kg becomes 7.07 cmol (+) / kg. The best growth parameters (plant height, number of leaves, longest leaf length and longest leaf width) are shown by treatment 2 which is half the dose of NPK and biococotin. The best average planting weight and yield per ha is shown by treatment 2, which is half the dose of NPK and biococotin, which is 44.03 grams / plant and 26.41 tons / ha bicocotin.

 

Keywords : Biococotin, Coastal area, Cocopeat

Copyright (c) 2020 Anandyawati Anandyawati, Merlian Zikri, Eko Sumartono, Ridha Rizki Novanda, Amir Husaini Karim Amrullah, Ari Anggoro


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anandyawati, S. Anwar B. Nugroho, R. Widyastuti dan S. Sabiham. 2017. Study of Root Exudate Organic Acids and Microbial Population in the Rhizosphereof Oil Palm Seedling. J TropSoils. Vol. 22(1):29-36.

Aqil, M. 2002. Pengaruh Laju Irigasi Serta Dosis Bahan Pengkondisi Tanah terhadap Tingkat Penahanan Lengas Tanah dan Produksi Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura pada Tamah Pasir Bul. Agron. Vol.30(2): 31 – 38.

Cornell, S.E., T.D. Jickells, J.N. Cape, A.P. Rowland, R.A. Duce. 2003. Organic Nitrogen Depositionon Land and Coastal Environments: A Review of Methods and Data. Atmospheric Environment. vol 37(16): 2173-2191.

DPU [Departemen Pekerjaan Umun]. 2000. Buku Penyelidikan Tanah dan Tanaman : Perencanaan Jaringan Irigasi Lahan Pantai Provinsi DIY. PT Firama Citra Utama : Yogyakarta.

Erawan. D, Y. Wa Ode dan Bahrun. 2013. Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Sawi (Brassicajuncea, L.) pada Berbagai Dosis Pupuk Urea, Jurnal Agroteknos, 3 (1) : 19-25.

Irawan, A., K. Yeremias. (2015). Pemanfaatan Cocopeat dan Arang Sekam Padi sebagai Media Tanam Bibit Cempaka Wasian (Elmerrilia ovalis). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia, Vol. 1(4): 805-808.

Istomo, N. Valentino. 2012. Pengaruh perlakuan kombinasi media terhadap pertumbuhan anakan tumih (Combretocarpusrotundatus (Miq.) Danser). Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika. Vol. 3(2): 81-84.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2015. Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Subsektor Tanaman Pangan Jagung. Jakarta: Pusdatin Kementerian Pertanian.

Lasabuda, R. 2013. Pembangunan Wilayah Pesisir Dan Lautan DalamPerspektif Negara Kepulauan Republik Indonesia. Jurna lIlmiah Platax. Vol. I(2): 92-101.

Novizan. 2002. Pupuk Pemupukan Yang Efektif. Agromedia. Jakarta.

Oke, T.R. 1978. Bondary Layer Climate. London : Menthmenand Co Ltd.

Pemerintah Provinsi Bengkulu. 2015. Geologi Pemerintah Provinsi Bengkulu. http://bengkuluprov.go.id/. Diakses Juni 2018.

Rajiman, P. Yudono, E. Sulistyaningsih, E. Han-udin, 2008. Pengaruh Pembenah Tanah Terhadap Sifat Fisika Tanah dan Hasil Bawang Merah Pada Lahan Pasir Pantai Bugel Kabupaten Kulon Progo. J. Agrin. Vol 12(1): 67-77.

Rosenberg, N.J. 1974. Microclimate the Biological Enviroment. London : Longman.

Shi, Z, Li Y, R.C Wang, F. Makeschine. 2005. Assessment of Temporal and Spatial Variability of Soil Salinity in a Coastal Saline Field. Environmental Geology. vol 48(2): 171-178.

Sitorus, SRP, E. Kusumastuti, L.N. Badri. 2008. Karakteristik dan Teknik Rehabilitasi Lahan Pasca Penambangan Timah di Pulau Bangka dan Singkep. Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim. Vol 27:57-74.

Sumardi. 2008. Prinsip Silvikultur Reforestasi dalam Rehabilitasi Formasi Gumuk Pasir di Kawasan Pantai Kebumen. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Silvikultur Rehabilitasi Lahan: Pengembangan Strategi untuk Mengendalikan Tingginya Laju Degradasi Hutan. 24-25 November 2008. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada. hal. 58-65.

Sunardi dan Y. Sarjono. 2007. Penentuan Kandungan Unsur Makro pada Lahan Pasir Pantai Samas Bantul dengan Metode Analisis Aktivasi Neutron (AAN). Prosiding PPI-PDIPTN. 10 Juli 2007. Yogyakarta: Pusat Teknologi Akselerator dan Proses Bahan, Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional (BATAN). hal. 123-129.

Strauss, M. 2000. Human Waste (ExcretaandWastewater) Reuse. EAWAG/SANDEC, Duebendorf, Switzerland,

Widowati. 2007. Serapan Nitrogen, Fosfor dan Kalium Bokhasi Tinja oleh Tanaman Jagung. Buana Sains. Vol 7 (1) : 21-26.

Zikri, M., S. Eko dan S.P Basuki. 2017. Aplikasi Modifikasi Biotin Berbagai varian untuk Penghijauan Pesisir Pantai dan Tanaman Obat Keluarga (TOGA) di Kelurahan Berkas kota Bengkulu. Jurnal Dharma Rafflesia Vol. 2(25): 1-12


StatisticsArticle Metrics

This article has been read : 286 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 4 times

Copyright (c) 2020 Anandyawati Anandyawati, Merlian Zikri, Eko Sumartono, Ridha Rizki Novanda, Amir Husaini Karim Amrullah, Ari Anggoro

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2356-0835